Saturday, June 16, 2012

Dysgraphia ...


Shortly after moving from WI to WA - we put Calahan through some testing through the school ...  for learning disabilities.... 

Results came back that he has Dysgraphia ....

I did some inital research on it - but it wasn't until I really started looking into Dyslexia that I saw that Dysgraphia is under the umbrella of Dyslexia ....  and ADHD is under the umbrella too?? 

So I knew that Dysgraphia meant that he had an extremely hard time getting things from his brain out through his hand.....  I knew if he verbalized answers, it was better...   He is FAILING all his classes... and his IEP is not being followed... and after bringing it up - continues to not be followed....


‘Dysgraphia ( agraphia) is a deficiency in the ability to write, regardless of the ability to read, not due to intellectual impairment.

People with dysgraphia usually have problems writing on some level, and often lack other fine motor skills, finding tasks such as tying shoes difficult. It often does not affect all fine motor skills.

They can also lack basic spelling skills (for example, having difficulties with the letters p, q, b, and d), and often will write the wrong word when trying to formulate thoughts (on paper).

In childhood, the disorder generally emerges when the child is first introduced to writing. The child may make inappropriately sized and spaced letters, or write wrong or misspelled words despite thorough instruction.

Children with the disorder may have other learning disabilities, but they usually have no social or other academic problems.’

Quoted from Wikepedia


1. Students may exhibit strong verbal but particularly poor writing skills.

2. Random (or non-existent) punctuation. Spelling errors (sometimes same word spelled differently); reversals; phonic approximations; syllable omissions; errors in common suffixes. Clumsiness and disordering of syntax; an impression of illiteracy. Misinterpretation of questions and questionnaire items. Disordered numbering and written number reversals.

3. Generally illegible writing (despite appropriate time and attention given the task).

4. Inconsistencies : mixtures of print and cursive, upper and lower case, or irregular sizes, shapes, or slant of letters.

5. Unfinished words or letters, omitted words.

6. Inconsistent position on page with respect to lines and margins and inconsistent spaces between words and letters.

7. Cramped or unusual grip, especially holding the writing instrument very close to the paper, or holding thumb over two fingers and writing from the wrist.

8. Talking to self while writing, or carefully watching the hand that is writing.

9. Slow or labored copying or writing - even if it is neat and legible.

Quoted from:

Suggested Modifications for the Dysgraphic Student
  1. Allow reduced standards for acceptable writing.
  2. When possible reduce amount of written work.
  3. Allow student to type or tape assignments.
  4. Do not have student recopy illegible material. It will only get worse.
  5. If unable to read student's answers ask them to give it orally and give partial or full credit if they are correct.
  6. Do not take off points for letter and number reversals but point them out and have student correct if appropriate.
  7. When student has, multiple homework assignments allow them to do what they can on their own and dictate the rest to an older sibling or parent.
  8. Have the student use graph paper for written work.
  9. Do not have another student check the dysgraphic student's paper.
I got those from HERE.... 

If I wasn't already concerned (which I was) ....  even more so now.   This is an example of Calahan's handwriting (at age 16) ....  from today .... the green is Calahan and the blue is Noah (who's dyslexic and 10, he was just diagnosed last year)

1 comment:

Lynanne said...

Catching up on old posts. I have two sons with dysgraphia and visual-spacial planning issues. The good news is my oldest son (also autistic) has been extremely successful with accommodations. It took him a long time to be able to hold a pencil with a tripod grasp. Not until he was a freshman in high school. Yet he can play the violin - go figure. So many years of worry and frustration and in the end he did it at his own pace. :) Hang in there!